CONTEST STATUS - Updated: SAT ... 11-APR-20 @ 8:30 PM EST

Winter '19 / '20 - Snowfall Forecast Contests
21st Annual 'Snow Storm' Snowfall Forecast Contest
Season ended as quickly as it started.
No winner this go'round ... too few storms (minimum of three required)

Snow Storm #1 (01-DEC-19)
FINAL Results here

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19th Annual 'Season-total' Snowfall Forecast Contest
FINAL Results here

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Winter '18 / '19 - Snowfall Forecast Contests
20th Annual 'Snow Storm' Snowfall Forecast Contest
FINAL Results here

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18th Annual 'Season-total' Snowfall Forecast Contest
FINAL Results here
Forecaster verification table here

Saturday, September 28, 2019

Winter '19 / '20 - Eurasian Snow Cover: AUG

Eurasia/s areal snow cover for AUG-19:  ~158,300 km2


-61% below 48-year P-O-R-N (~403,000 km2)
-46% below 48-year Median (~294,000 km2)
Rank: 39th

7th highest past 10 years
19 of past 20 years below median
 Last year:  ~140,800 km2

Analog years for winter '19 / '20
CORRECTION:  Second instance of 15/16 should be 16/17
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Snow cover data courtesy Rutgers University Global Snow Lab
http://climate.rutgers.edu/snowcover/index.php

Thursday, September 26, 2019

Winter '19 / '20 - Arctic Oscillation (AO): AUG

AUG AO:  -.722
Leading analog contenders ... as of AUG-19.


Consensus Outlook:  Winter '19 / '20 AO < 0

KEY
ENSO:  nada- (-0.5 < SSTa <  0); C- (weak La Nina); W- (weak El Niño); W (moderate El Niño); W+ (strong El Niño)
NAO:  sign of D-J-F average
PDO:  sign of O-N-D-J-F-M average
QBO:  + ==> west; - ==> east; +/- flipped west to east

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Present state
ENSO: 0 < ONI < 0.5 trending lower
NAO < 0 past 5 months
QBO > 0 past 10 months.  Peaked JUN-19; trending lower.  Possible flip during upcoming winter
PDO (MAR-18 to OCT-19) < 0 No trend.

Wednesday, September 25, 2019

Winter '19 / '20 - North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO): AUG

AUG NAO:  -1.17
Leading analog contenders ... as of AUG-19.

Consensus Outlook:  Winter '19 / '20 NAO > 0

CORRECTION:  '50 / '51 ENSO should be 'C-'

KEY
ENSO:  nada- (-0.5 < SSTa <  0); C- (weak La Nina); C (moderate La Nina)
AO:  sign of D-J-F average
PDO:  sign of O-N-D-J-F-M average
QBO:  + ==> west; - ==> east

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Present state
ENSO: 0 < ONI < 0.5 trending lower
QBO > 0 past 10 months.  Peaked JUN-19; trending lower.  Possible flip during upcoming winter
PDO (MAR-18 to OCT-19) < 0 No trend.

Saturday, September 14, 2019

Winter '18 / '19 - North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Analog Verification

The analog forecasting technique seeks similarities to the NAO state in the run-up to the coming winter with NAO run-up states of winters past.  Presented here is the verification of NAO analogs for the '18 /'19 winter.

The NEWxSFC method ranks analog years by their the sum of square errors (SSE) statistic.
Lower SSE errors ==> stronger analog

Constraining the number of analog winters for analysis to five is arbitrary.

North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Index Analog Forecast Verification

In the run-up to Winter '18 / '19 ... '84 / '85 was the leading analog followed by '72 / '73 ... '59 / '60 ... '89 / '90 ... and '91 / '92.  Winter '18 / '19 NAO started weakly positive ... approached zero at meteorological winter's end ... then climbed above 1 in MAR.

A qualitative assessment of the analog forecast's accuracy would rate the analogs #2 or #5 as 'best' with #1 ... 3 ... and 4 'poor.'

A quantitative assessment of the other '72 / '73 and '91 / '92 teleconnections ... not so much.