Too bad this classic benchmark storm didn't show its hand early enough to kick-off the 13th Annual NEWxSFC.
UPDATE: ABE - 6.8
CONTEST STATUS - Updated: FRI ... 02-DEC-16 @ 925 PM EST
18th Annual 'Regular Season'
!!! - Starts as soon as the flakes start flying - !!!
16th Annual 'Season-total'
Deadline for entries as passed
Forecasts and analysis to be posted the weekend of 03-DEC-16.
Winter '15 / '16 - Snowfall Forecast Contests
17th Annual 'Regular Season'
15th Annual 'Season-total'
Verified forecasts here
Sunday, October 30, 2011
Friday, October 14, 2011
The developing consensus for Winter '11 / '12 leans heavily on a strengthening la Nina fortified by the trending cool phase of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). These conditions in the eastern Pacific ocean favor a predominantly northern stream storm track passing west of the Appalachian Mountains into northern New England, the result of a blocking ridge axis over the SE CONUS...especially during a positive phase of the Northern Annular oscillations (NAO and AO).
Given the recent trend shown below...how probable is it the phase of NHEMI annular oscillations will be positive this winter?
Friday, October 7, 2011
020215Z AUTO 28016G21KT M1/4SM -SN OVC001 02/02 A2990 RMK AO2 =
020158Z AUTO 28017G24KT 1/4SM -SN OVC001 02/02 A2991 RMK AO2 =
020136Z AUTO 27017G21KT M1/4SM -SN OVC001 02/02 A2990 RMK AO2 P0003 =
020115Z AUTO 27018G21KT M1/4SM RA OVC001 02/02 A2991 RMK AO2 P0002 =
020056Z AUTO 27017KT M1/4SM -RA OVC001 01/01 A2991 RMK AO2 P0001 =
020035Z AUTO 28016G20KT M1/4SM SN OVC001 01/01 A2991 RMK AO2 P0001 =
020016Z AUTO 28015G21KT M1/4SM SN OVC001 01/01 A2992 RMK AO2 =
012355Z AUTO 28018G21KT M1/4SM SN OVC001 01/01 A2992 RMK AO2 =
012335Z AUTO 28014KT M1/4SM SN OVC001 01/01 A2992 RMK AO2 =
012315Z AUTO 28015G20KT M1/4SM SN OVC001 01/01 A2992 RMK AO2 =
012255Z AUTO 29017G20KT 1/4SM SN OVC001 01/01 A2992 RMK AO2 =
012235Z AUTO 28016G21KT M1/4SM SN OVC001 01/01 A2992 RMK AO2 =
Thursday, October 6, 2011
- QBO...having begun its negative phase in August...stands at -2.30 in September. QBO will remain negative and intensify throughout the upcoming winter.
- ENSO consensus forecast (see Table 1) for D-J-F from the latest numerical and statistical model runs expects a neutral ENSO to 'weak' la Nina.
Easterly QBO during la Nina favors 1) a cold central US and 2) negative NAO and hi-latitude blocking.
Note the negative correlation between the QBO state and geo-potential heights over the Pole and the SE CONUS where a negative / east (positive / west) QBO means heights are positive (negative). The former implies hi-latitude blocking and the latter suggests la Nina-like ridging.
The polar vortex is weaker and more easily disturbed during easterly QBO and low solar activity. The current solar cycle is comparatively weak.
"...QBO determines the character of the early winter, leading to a colder and more stable polar vortex in December and January during the west phase of the QBO and a more disturbed and warmer Arctic during the east phase of the QBO."
"Major winter stratospheric warmings preferentially occur during the easterly phase of the QBO..."
- Holton and Tan (1980)
Major warmings can produce deep-layer anti-cyclonic circulations that descend into the troposphere resulting in blocking flow regimes over hi-latitudes. Blocking is implicated when moderate to strongly negative NAO and AO indexes are observed.
"Pronounced weakenings of the NH wintertime stratospheric polar vortex tend to be followed by episodes of anomalously low surface air temperatures and increased frequency of occurrence of extreme cold events..."
Thompson, et. al. (.pdf)
QBO analog year of 'least regret' is 93/94, the bride's maid is 76/77...then it's 83/84...88/89....and finally 64/65. Some winters can be eliminated when the ENSO is considered.
ENSO state for QBO analog winters are...
93/94: neutral (+0.2)
76/77: weakly positive (+0.6)
83/84: neutral (-0.4)
88/89: strongly negative (-1.7)
64/65: weakly negative (-0.8)
Given the currently modeled ENSO forecasts...this winter's best QBO : ENSO analogs appear to favor 83/84...possibly 64/65 if there's strengthening.
More about the analog years and the current state of other analogs NAO/AO/PNA/PDO later...